data on CO2
GasPlug TECHNOLOGY | PATENTED DESIGN
Where is it found?
CO2 is a result of normal cell function when it is breathed out of the body. Besides, it is an essential element in photosynthesis, the process by which plants make food and energy. Levels of atmospheric CO2 have increased since the Industrial Revolution.
The primary causes are deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, for electricity, heat production and for transportation (cars, ships, planes, etc.). It could also be formed, as a secondary pollutant, by CO oxidation.
Why is it harmful?
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the fourth most abundant gas in the Earth’s atmosphere being the main Greenhouse gas. It is an odourless, colourless, and non-toxic gas although its emission is an environmental global problem, being the main gas pollutant contributing to climate change.
Besides, it is a contributor to acid rain, and ocean acidification and could displace oxygen (O2) and nitrogen (N2). CO2 is removed from the atmosphere when it is absorbed by plants and algae as part of the biological carbon cycle.
The Carbon Dioxide cartridge has a built-in a non-dispersive infrared sensor (NDIR) ideal to measure from low to high concentrations that can be found in the atmosphere. Besides, it includes an automatic baseline calibration to maintain the long-term stability with now effect of humidity, temperature and pressure, which are corrected in the algorithm.
- Measurement range: concentration range measured by the sensor.
- Resolution: the smallest unit of measurement that can be indicated by the sensor.
- Operating temperature range: temperature interval at which the sensor is rated to operate safely and provide measurements.
- Operating RH range (Recommended RH range): humidity interval at which the sensor is rated to operate safely and provide measurements.
- Operating life: lifetime of the sensor at normal conditions.
- Guarantee range: limit covered by the guarantee.
- LOD (Limit Of Detection): measured at laboratory conditions at 20ºC and 50% RH. The limit of detection is the minimum concentration that can be detected as significantly different at zero gas concentration, based on the metric from the Technical Specification CEN/TS 17660-1:2022.
- Repeatability (measured at laboratory conditions at 20ºC and 50% RH): closeness of the agreement between the results of successive measurements of the same measure carried out under the same conditions of measurement, based on the metric from the Technical Specification CEN/TS 17660-1:2022.
- Response time: time needed by the sensor to reach 90% of the final stable value.
- Statistical metric: statistics obtained between the device hourly measurements and reference instruments for 1 to 8 months field test between -10 to +30ºC in different countries. (*) The expected error for PM10 is higher in the presence of coarse particles.
- Mean Absolute Error: it is the average mean absolute error (MAE) obtained between the device hourly measurements and reference instruments for 1 to 8 months of field test between -10 to +30ºC in different countries.
- Error: it is the error of the sensor at reading measurement or full scale.
- DQO-Typical U(exp): Data Quality Objective expressed as the Expanded Uncertainty in the Limit Value obtained between hourly measurements of the device and the reference instruments for 1 to 8 months field test between -10 to +30ºC in different countries, based on the metric from the European Air Quality Directive 2008/50/EC and from the Technical Specification CEN/TS 17660-1:2022. (*) The expected error for PM10 is higher in the presence of coarse particles.
- Typical intra-model variability: calculated as the standard deviation of the three sensor means in 1 to 8 months field test between -10 to +30ºC in different countries.